Communications/
Conference Publications


  • Arnold, N.A., Ralph, C., Petherick, J.C. and Hemsworth, P.H. (2007). The choice behaviour of laying hens for feed and dustbathing. Australian Poultry Science Symposium, 19: 32.
  • Barnett, J.L. (1997). Modifying the design of group pens with individual feeding places affects the welfare of pigs. Fifth International Livestock Environment Symposium, eds, Bottcher, R.W. and Hoff, S.J. (American Society of Agricultural Engineers, Michigan, USA), pp. 613-618.
  • Barnett, J.L (1998). Is welfare a threat to the sustainability of the poultry industries? Proc. Fourth Asia Pacific Poult. Health Conf., pp. 133.
  • Barnett, J.L. (1999). Welfare and productivity of hens in a barn system and cages. Proc.Aust.Poult.Sci.Symp., 11 : 65-68.
  • Barnett, J. L. (2000). 'Welfare and cages : alternative production systems in Europe', in 2000 Poultry Information Exchange, ANA Hotel - Gold Coast, Surfers Paradise, Queensland, 9-11 April 2000, Poultry Information Exchange Organising Committee, Caboolture, Qld., pp. 133-140.
  • Barnett, J. L. (2000). 'A welfare audit for the broiler industry: a model for other animal industries [abstract] : poster 1-21', in Animal Science in Agriculture Victoria : the AV Animal Insitute Group Research Conference 2000, May 17-18, 200, DPI, Attwood, Vic.
  • Barnett, J.L. (2000). Practical lessons learned from the development of Chicken Meat QA. Layer Hen Housing Conference (July, Gold Coast, Qld), (AFFA, Canberra), Attachment N.
  • Barnett, J.L. (2001). The scientific assessment of animal welfare and its application to some issues in the egg industry. Proceedings Australian Poultry Science Symposium, 13: 71-78.
  • Barnett, J.L. and Glatz, P.C. (2000). The effects of housing on behaviour and physiology of pigs and poultry. Proceedings ANZCCART Conference, December, Adelaide (in press).
  • Barnett, J.L. and Glatz, P.C. (1997). Effects of solid sides and perches in layer cages on stress physiology, plumage, pecking and bone strength of hens. 5th Eurpoean Symposium on Poultry Welfare, eds. Koene, P. and Blokhuis, H.J. (Wageningen Agricultural University, Wageningen), pp. 43-45.
  • Barnett, J. L., Chamberlain, T. S. & Hemsworth, P. H. (2000). 'The welfare of outdoor sows: variation in biological variables [abstract] : poster 1-20', in Animal Science in Agriculture Victoria : the AV Animal Insitute Group Research Conference 2000, May 17-18, 200, DPI, Attwood, Vic.
  • Barnett, J.L., Chamberlain, T.S., Hemsworth, P.H. and Farran, I. (1999). Variation in biological traits of outdoor sows. In: Manipulating Pig Production VII, ed. Cranwell, P.D. (Australasian Pig Science Association, Werribee), p. 33 (Abstract).
  • Barnett, J..L., Glatz, P.C. and Almond, A. (2000). A welfare audit for the broiler industry. Proceedings Australian Poultry Science Symposium, 12: 213.
  • Barnett, J. L., Glatz, P. C. & Almond, A. (2000). 'A comprehensive welfare audit for the broiler industry', in 2000 Poultry Information Exchange, ANA Hotel - Gold Coast, Surfers Paradise, Queensland, 9-11 April 2000, Poultry Information Exchange Organising Committee, Caboolture, Qld., pp. 195-196.
  • Barnett, J.L., Glatz, P.C. and Almond, A. (2001). The development of a comprehensive welfare audit for the Australian chicken meat industry and its evaluation. Proceedings 6th European Symposium on Poultry Welfare, Zollikofen, Switzerland. (in press).
  • Barnett, J.L., Glatz, P.C. and Almond, A. (2001). Welfare standards - comprehensive welfare audit for the Australian broiler industry's quality assurance program. Proceedings Australian Poultry Veterinary Association, pp. 5-6.
  • Barnett, J.L. and Hemsworth, P.H. (2001). The scientific assessment of animal welfare and its application to some issues in the egg industry. Proceedings 6th European Symposium on Poultry Welfare, Zollikofen, Switzerland. (in press).
  • Barnett, J.L., Hemsworth, P.H., Cransberg, P.H. and Coleman, G.J. (1997). Human behaviour affects production and welfare in hens and broiler chickens. Proc. Aust. Poult. Sci. Symp., 9 : 231.
  • Barnett, J.L. and Taylor, I.A. (1997). Method of feeding can affect welfare of pigs. In "Manipulating Pig Production, VI" ed. D.P. Cranwell (Australasian Pig Science Association, Werribee), p. 313.
  • Barnett, J.L. and Taylor, I.A. (1997). Sequential versus concurrent feeding on acute and chronic stress responses in pigs. Fifth International Livestock Environment Symposium, eds, Bottcher, R.W. and Hoff, S.J. (American Society of Agricultural Engineers, Michigan, USA), pp. 607-612.
  • " Bennett, P.C., Mornement, K., Coleman, G.J., Toukhsati, S: Caring for Australian alpacas: preliminary data from the Monash University Alpaca Husbandry Survey. Alpaca Conference 2006
  • Beilharz, R.G. (1998). The problem of genetic improvement when environments are limiting. Proc. 6th World Cong. Genet. App. Livest. Prod., 26: 64-81.
  • Beveridge, L. Hemsworth, P.H. and Coleman, G.J. (1998). Observational and social learning in the behavioural response of pigs towards humans. Aust. Soc. Study Anim. Behav., 29th Annual Conf. Palmerston North, pp. 7.
  • Boyce, J.M., Hemsworth, P.H., Barnett, J.L., Jongman, E. and Beveridge, L. (2001). The effects of handling and space allowance on performance of growing pigs. In: Manipulating Pig Production VIII, ed. P.D. Cranwell (Australasian Pig Science Association, Werribee), pp. 48.
  • Breuer, K., Hemsworth, P.H. and Coleman, C.J. (1997). The relationship between the behavioural response to humans of lactating heifers and their productivity. Aust.Soc. Study Anim.Behav, 24th Annual Conference, Dubbo, July, p. 37.
  • Breuer, K., Hemsworth, P.H. and Coleman, C.J. (1997). The influence of handling on the behaviour and productivity of lactating heifers. Proc. 31st Int. Cong. ISAE, eds. Hemsworth, P.H., Spinka, M. and Kostal, L. (Prague), pp. 58-59.
  • Breuer, K., Coleman, G.J. and Hemsworth, P.H. (1998). The effect of handling on the stress physiology and behaviour of nonlactating heifers. Aust. Soc. Study Anim. Behav. 29th Annual Conf. Palmerston North, pp. 8-9.
  • Breuer, K., Hemsworth, P.H. and Coleman, G.J. (2001). The effect of positive and negative handling on the behaviour and stress response of Holstein Friesian heifers. Proceedings of British Society of Animal Production York, April 2001, pp. 18.
  • Coleman, G.J. (2000). Opportunities to select, train and manage stockpeople to improve sow productivity. Proceedings of the North Carolina Healthy Hogs Seminar, 1-3 November, 2000. Greenville and Clinton, North Carolina, pp. 43-53.
  • Coleman, G.J. (2000). Selection and training of stockpeople to improve sow productivity. Proceedings of the Mercosur Pig Production Congress Conference, 23-25 October, 2000, Buenos Aires, Argentina, pp. 73-82.
  • Coleman, G J (2001). Selection of stockpeople to improve productivity. The 4th Industrial and Organisational Psychology Conference, Sydney 21-24 June, p30.
  • Coleman , G.J., Breuer, K. and Hemsworth, P.H. (1998). The effect of handling on the stress physiology and behaviour of non-lactating heifers. Proc. 32st Int. Cong. ISAE, (Clemont, France).
  • Coleman. G.J. and Hemsworth, P.H. (2000). Stockperson behaviour, pig behaviour and pig productivity. Proceedings of the Mercosur Pig Production Congress Conference, 23-25 October, 2000, Buenos Aires, Argentina, pp.121-128.
  • Coleman, G.J. and Hemsworth, P.H. (2001). Impact of public perception on current and future livestock and poultry production. Prodeedings of the Joint Animal Sciences meeting, Indianapolis, July, p. 205
  • Coleman, G.J. and Hemsworth, P.H. (2001). Selection of stockpeople to improve productivity. In: Manipulating Pig Production VIII, ed. P.D. Cranwell (Australasian Pig Science Association, Werribee), pp. 46.
  • Coleman, G.J., Public perceptions of animal pain and animal welfare - Proceedings of the Australian Animal Welfare Strategy (AAWS) Science Summit, May 2007.
  • Coleman, G.J., (July 2006) Keynote Speaker: Animal Well-being in the Public Mind - Can we Change Perception? American Dairy Science Association/American Society of Animal Science (ADSA/ASAS), Symposium in Minneapolis, USA.
  • Coleman, G.J., Cattle production: The Effects of Handing on Livestock Productivity & Welfare - ProHand Dairy - Proceedings of The Cattle Chapter Australian College of Veterinary Scientists, Science Week, July 2007
  • Coleman, G., Hemsworth, P., (February 2006) Keynote Address: Knowledge, Attitudes and the Impact on Human Behaviour in Livestock Settings American Meat Industry (AMI) Foundation, IMAWRC Conference in Kansas City, MO.
  • Cransberg, P.H., Jongman, E.C., Thorp, B.H., Wilson, S. Goldsmith, J., Almond, A. and Parkinson, G.B. (1998). Sequential studies of skeletal calcium reserves and structural bone volume in a commercial layer flock. Proc. Aust. Poult. Sci. Symp., 10 : 98-102.
  • Cronin, G. (2000). 'A production comparison of the Werribee Farrowing Pen and conventional farrowing crates on a commercial pig farm [abstract] : poster 1-14', in Animal science in Agriculture Victoria : the AV Animal Insitute Group Research Conference 2000, May 17-18, 2000, DPI, Attwood, Vic.
  • Cronin, G.M. (2000). Aggression, mounting and feeding behaviour in male finisher pigs. Australian Society for the Study of Animal Behaviour, 27th Annual Conference, Macquarie University, Sydney, p. 46, Abstract.
  • Cronin, G.M., Dunshea, F.R., Hemsworth, P.H, Barnett, J.L., McCauley, I., Butler, K.L. and Smits, R.J. (2001). The behaviour of group-housed male finisher pigs. In: Manipulating Pig Production VIII, ed. P.D. Cranwell (Australasian Pig Science Association, Werribee), pp. 49.
  • Cronin, G.M., Hemsworth, P.H., Barnett, J.L., Jongman, E. and Newman, L. 2000, 'Welfare evaluation of an anti-barking muzzle for dogs [abstract] : poster 1-15', in Animal Science in Agriculture Victoria : the AV Animal Insitute Group Research Conference 2000, May 17-18, 200, DPI, Attwood, Vic.
  • Cronin, G.M., Leeson, E. and Dunsmore, B.W.N. (1997). Sow preference for farrowing site orientation. In "Manipulating Pig Production, VI" ed. P. D. Cranwell (Australasian Pig Science Association, Werribee), p. 63.
  • Cronin, G.M., Borg, S.S., Fourdin, S.P., Storey, T.H. and Barnett, J.L. (2007). Consistent site selection for egg laying in cages with a nest box. Australian Poultry Science Symposium, 19: 37-40.
  • Cronin, G.M., Desnoyers, M.A. and Barnett, J.L. (2006). Pre-laying behaviour and nest-box use by hens. Proc. 40th International Congress of the ISAE, Bristol, August 8th to 12th, 2006. Editors M.Mendl, J.W.S. Bradshaw, O.H.P. Burman, A. Butterworth, M.J. Harris, S.D.E. Held, S.M. Jones, K.E. Littlin, D.C.J. Main, C.J. Nicol, R.M.A. Parker, E.S. Paul, G. Richards, C.M. Sherwin, P.T.E. Statham, M.J. Toscano and P.D. Warriss, Cranfield Uni. Press, Bristol; p. 142.
  • Edwards, L. E., Hemsworth, P. H. and Coleman, G.J. (2007) "Human contact and fear responses in laying hens." Proceedings of the Australian Poultry Science Symposium, Vol. 19. p 33-36
  • Edwards, L.E., Hemsworth, P.H. and Coleman, G.J. (2007) Proximity of human contact influences fear of humans in laying hens. Proceedings of the Australasian Society for the Study of Animal Behaviour 2007, p. 25
  • Edwards, L.E., Hemsworth, P.H., Barnett, J.L., & Coleman, G.J., (2006). Position effects on the fear response of laying hens in commercial conventional cage systems, Australian Poultry Science Symposium, Volume 18, pp 101_104
  • Glatz, P.C., Bourke, M., Barnett, J.L. and Critchley, K.L. (2001). Developing an accreditation system for beak trimming in Australia. Proceedings 6th European Symposium on Poultry Welfare, Zollikofen, Switzerland. (in press).
  • Glatz, P.C., Lunam, C.A. and Barnett, J.L. (1997). Feeding behaviour of beak trimmed pullets. Proceedings South Australian Pig and Poultry Fair, Roseworthy, SA.
  • Glatz, P.C., Lunam, C.A. and Barnett, J.L. (1998). Feeding behaviour of 10 week old pullets following beak trimming at hatch. Proc.Aust.Poult.Sci.Symp., 10 : 132-135.
  • Hemsworth, P.H. (1999). How do you measure animal welfare? RSPCA National Conference, 23 February, 1999, Canberra, ACT.
  • Hemsworth, P.H. (1999). Human-animal interactions in livestock production (David Wood-Gush Memorial Lecture). Proceedings 33rd International Society for Applied Ethology, eds., Boe, K.E., Bakken, M. and Braastad, B.O., (Norway), p. 32.
  • Hemsworth, P. H. (1999). 'The influence of human factors on the reproductive performance of pigs', in IXth Arbraves Congress for Specialist Pig Veterinarians, October 26 to 29, Belo Horizonte, Brazil, The Congress, Belo Horizonte, pp. 7-12.
  • Hemsworth, P. H. (1999). 'Managing the social and sexual environment of the breeding herd to optimize pig reproduction', in IXth Arbraves Congress for Specialist Pig Veterinarians, October 26 to 29, Belo Horizonte, Brazil, The Congress, Belo Horizonte, pp. 13-19.
  • Hemsworth, P.H. (2000). Pastoral farming of animals in 2020. Proceedings of the joint Animal Welfare Advisory Committee and the Australian and New Zealand Council for the Care of Animals in Research and Teaching Conference, 18-19 December 1999, Wellington, New Zealand. Ed., Mellor, D., Fisher, F and Sutherland, G. (ANZCCART, Wellington, New Zealand), pp. 12-19.
  • Hemsworth, P.H. (2000). The human factor: influence on livestock performance and welfare. Ron Kilgour Memorial Lecture. Proceedings New Zealand Society of Animal Production, ed., Peterson, S.W, (Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand), 60: 237-240.
  • Hemsworth, P.H. (2000). Stockmanship makes a difference. Proceedings of the North Carolina Healthy Hogs Seminar, 1-3 November, 2000. Greenville and Clinton, North Carolina, pp. 7-14.
  • Hemsworth, P.H. (2000). Human-animal interactions and their effects on research results. Proceedings ANZCCART Conference, December, Adelaide (in press).
  • Hemsworth, P.H. (2001). Cow behaviour: what do cows want and what is the benefit of providing it? Proceedings of the Gippsland Dairy Conference, Dairy Farmers Planning for Prosperity. 8 & 9 February, 2001, Monash University, Churchill, Victoria, Australia, pp. 131-151
  • Hemsworth, P.H. (2001). What are the risks for pigs in modern pig production? Farm Animal Well-Being Conference, Association of Veterinarians for Animal Rights, University of California, Davis, California, USA, 28-29 June 2001.
  • Hemsworth, P.H. (2001). People and pigs - labor requirements for maximum productivity and welfare. Stockmanship, Swine Behaviour And New Sow Housing Design Conference, Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs. Shakespeare, Ontario, Canada, 4 July 2001.
  • Hemsworth, P.H. (2001). Sow housing and welfare. Stockmanship, Swine Behaviour And New Sow Housing Design Conference, Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs. Shakespeare, Ontario, Canada, 4 July 2001.
  • Hemsworth, P. H. and Barnett, J. L. (2000). 'Animal welfare and farm animals in 2020 [abstract] : symposium 7-1', in Animal Science in Agriculture Victoria : the AV Animal Insitute Group Research Conference 2000, May 17-18, 200, DPI, Attwood, Vic.
  • Hemsworth, P.H. and Barnett, J.L. (2001). The importance of animal comfort for animal production in intensive grasslands production. Proceedings of the XIX International Grasslands Congress, 11-23 February, 2001,Sao Paulo, Brazil, pp. 425-433.
  • Hemsworth, P.H., Boyce, J.M., Hofmeyr, C.D., Barnett, J.L. and Coleman, G.J. (2001). The effects of fear of humans and preslaughter handling on meat quality. In: Manipulating Pig Production VIII, ed. P.D. Cranwell (Australasian Pig Science Association, Werribee), pp. 74.
  • Hemsworth, P.H. and Coleman, G.J. (2001). Animal welfare in the dairy industry and public perception. Farm to Fork 2001 Conference (July 18-20, Melbourne), Aust. J. Dairy Technology, 56: 130 (Abstract).
  • Hemsworth, P.H. Coleman, G.J. and Barnett, J.L. (1998). The effects of improving human-animal interactions on the behaviour and productivity of commercial dairy cows. Proc. Aust. Soc. Study Anim. Behav., 29th Annual Conf. Palmerston North, pp. 15-16.
  • Hemsworth, P.H., Pedersen, V., Cronin, G.M. and Coleman, G.J. (1997). The relationship between the behavioural responses of lactating sows to humans and the mortality of their piglets. Proc. 31st Int. Cong. ISAE, eds. Hemsworth, P.H., Spinka, M. and Kostal, L. (Prague), pp. 157-158.
  • Hutson, G.D., Hemsworth, P.H. and Barnett, J.L. (1997). Behaviour, welfare and productivity of pigs. JLS Heathbred 8th Annual Technical Conference, Sutton Bonnington, UK., September, pp. 1-8.
  • Jongman, E.C. (2000). The effects of environmental enrichment - science and myths. Proceedings ANZCCART Conference, December, Adelaide (in press).
  • Jongman, E.C. (2001). Reducing milking times of dairy cows. Australian Society for the Study of Animal Behaviour, 28th Annual Conference, The University of Queensland, Queensland, p. 12, Abstract.
  • Jongman, E.C., Barnett, J.L. and Hemsworth, P.H. (1999). The aversiveness of carbon dioxide stunning in pigs. Proceedings of an International Workshop on Stunning Systems for Pigs and Animal Welfare (Danish Meat Research Institute, Billund: Denmark).
  • Jongman, E.C., Barnett, J.L. and Hemsworth, P.H. (1997). The aversiveness of carbon dioxide stunning in pigs. Aust.Soc. Study Anim.Behav., 24th Annual Conference, Dubbo, July, p. 27.
  • Jongman, E.C., Barnett, J.L. and Hemsworth, P.H. (1997). The aversiveness of carbon dioxide stunning in pigs. In "Manipulating Pig Production, VI" ed. D.P. Cranwell (Australasian Pig Science Association, Werribee), p. 128.
  • Jongman, E.C. and Barnett, J.L. (1998). Behavioural evidence for pain associated with beak trimming at hatch and retrimming at 14 weeks of age. Proc. Aust. Soc. Study Anim. Behav., 29th Annual Conf. Palmerston North, pp. 18-19.
  • Jongman, E.C., Barnett, J.L., Glatz, P.C. and Lunam C.A. (1998). Pain thresholds in beak trimmed birds. Proc. Aust. Poult. Sci. Symp., 10 : 207.
  • Jongman, E.C., Barnett, J.L. and Hemsworth, P.H. (1999). The aversiveness of carbon dioxide stunning in pigs. International Workshop on Stunning Systems for Pigs and Animal Welfare, August 1999, Billund, Denmark.
  • Jongman, E. and Waples, K.. (2000). The humane control of corellas. Australian Society for the Study of Animal Behaviour, 27th Annual Conference, Macquarie University, Sydney, p. 49, Abstracts.
  • Kobelt, A., Hemsworth, P.H and Barnett, J.B. (2001). Behaviour problems of dogs in suburban backyards. Australian Society for the Study of Animal Behaviour, 28th Annual Conference, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Quensland, p. 11, Abstract.
  • Lunam, C.A., Glatz, P.C. and Barnett, J.L. (1998). Neuroma formation in layers after re-trimming. Proc. Aust. Poult. Sci. Symp., 10 : 206.
  • McCauley, I., Cronin, G.M., Barnett, J.L., Butler, K.L., Hennessy, D.P., Campbell, R.G., Luxford, B., Smits, R.J., Tilbrook, A.J. and Dunshea, F.R. (2000). An immunocastration vaccine (Improvac‚) increases growth in individually and group-housed boars. Agriculture Victoria Institute Group Research Conference, Poster 1-18.
  • Morrison, R., Hemsworth, P.H., Cronin, G.M. and Campbell, R.G. (2001). The effect of pen and feeder space restriction on the feeding behaviour of pigs in a deep-litter system. In: Manipulating Pig Production VIII, ed. P.D. Cranwell (Australasian Pig Science Association, Werribee), pp. 71.
  • Sargent, R., Hemsworth, P.H., Campbell, R.G. and Cronin, G.M. (1999). The behaviour of male growing pigs housed in a deep-litter and conventional housing system. Proceedings 33rd International Society for Applied Ethology, eds., Boe, K.E., Bakken, M. and Braastad, B.O., (Norway), p. 102.
  • Sargent, R., Hemsworth, P.H., Campbell, R.G. and Cronin, G.M. (1999). The feeding behaviour of male growing pigs housed in a deep-litter and conventional housing system. In: Manipulating Pig Production VII, ed. Cranwell, P.D. (Australasian Pig Science Association, Werribee), p. 29.
  • Sargent, R., Hemsworth, P.H., Campbell, R.G. and Cronin, G.M. (2000). The spatial location and distance travelled by male growing pigs in a deep-litter housing system. Proc. Aust. Soc. Study Anim. Behav., 27th Annual Conf. Macquarie University, Sydney, pp. 45.
  • Stone, S.C., Canny, B.J., Caddy, D.J., Tilbrook, A.J., and Young, I.R. (1999) Endocrine responses of pregnant ewes to anaesthesia, surgery and analgesic drugs. Proceedings of the Endocrine Society of Australia 42: 77.
  • Tilbrook, A.J., Canny, B.J., Serapiglia, M.D., and Clarke, I.J. (1998). The effect of isolation/restraint stress on LH secretion in sheep is influenced by sex steroids. Proceedings of the Australian Society for Reproductive Biology 29: 56.
  • Taylor, I.A., Barnett, J.L. and Cronin, G.M. (1997). Optimum group size for sows. Fifth International Livestock Environment Symposium, eds, Bottcher, R.W. and Hoff, S.J. (American Society of Agricultural Engineers, Michigan, USA), pp. 965-971.
  • Turner, J.S., Hemsworth, P.H. and Jongman, E.C. (1997). Oestrous behaviour: Can it be used to predict ovulation? Aust. Soc. Study Anim. Behav., 24th Annual Conference, Dubbo, July, p. 29.
  • Turner, A.I., Hemsworth, P.H., Canny, B.J. and Tilbrook, A.J. (1998). The LH-surge, oestrus and ovulation were disrupted by sustained but not repeated acute elevation of plasma cortisol in pigs. Proc.Aust.Soc.Reprod.Biol., 29: 57.
  • Turner, A.I., Canny, B.J., Bond, J.D., Clarke, I.J., Parr, R.A., Serapiglia, M.D. and Tilbrook, A.J. (1999). The effects of sex and gonadal status on the cortisol response to insulin-induced hypoglycaemia in sheep. Proceedings of the Endocrine Society of Australia 42: 75.
  • Warner, R.D., Eldridge, G.A., Hofmeyr, C.J. and Barnett, J.L. (1998). The effect of dietary tryptophan on pig behaviour and meat quality - preliminary results. Aust. Soc. Anim. Prod., 22 : 325.
  • Warner, R.D., Walker, P.J., Eldridge, G.A. and Barnett, J.L. (1998). Effects of marketing procedure and liveweight change prior to slaughter on beef carcass and meat quality. Aust. Soc. Anim. Prod., 22 : 165-168.
  • Waples, K.A., Barnett, J. and Marks, C.A. (2000). Food preference of Long-billed Corellas (Cacatua tenuirostris) in the laboratory. Australian Society for the Study of Animal Behaviour, 27th Annual Conference, Macquarie University, Sydney, p. 29, Abstracts.

The Animal Welfare Science Centre was established by the University of Melbourne, Monash University and the Department of Primary Industries, Victoria. The Centre focuses and coordinates the research and academic resources of the three collaborating organisations, providing the animal industries, animal users, the farming community, Government, the general community and the academic community with an internationally competitive research, teaching and training resource in animal welfare.